Ketamine hydrochloride, more commonly known as Special K, is an effective medical anesthetic and a veterinary tranquilizer, but has been abused, mainly as a club drug. As a dissociative anesthetic, ketamine is in the same drug class as phencyclidine (PCP) and nitrous oxide. By affecting the same part of the brain, these substances create pain relief, loss of memory, and demobilization. Memory and emotional activity in the brain are altered, which is okay when used for short periods of time, like during surgery, but causes great damage when use becomes continuous.
When young people are exposed to the risk of various drugs, the choice of first use can be made differently. With education and prevention, the possibility of ketamine abuse and addiction is greatly reduced.
Awareness is vitally important, functioning as the first step to prevention of and to recovery from addiction. Therefore, finding accurate information on ketamine is vitally important. Various sources online, via organizations, physicians, and word of mouth, can be helpful, but can also provide erroneous content. Seeking verifiable information aids in the understanding of the drug, the psychology of those abusing it, and how to help someone in the throes of ketamine addiction.
This drug was created in the early 1960s as an anesthetic replacement for PCP, which was causing severely adverse physical side effects. Ketamine became the most widely used anesthetic in the Vietnam War, and then, as with many other drugs manufactured for legitimate medical purposes, people began to abuse ketamine.
The recreational use of ketamine began in the 1970s, but the rates of abuse greatly declined until the popularization of the "rave" scene (circa 2006) in which the drug was once again in high demand. The Drug Enforcement Administration (the DEA), reports that ketamine is often stolen from animal hospitals and veterinary clinics, and some of the ketamine available in the United States has been illegally diverted from pharmacies in Mexico.
According to the DEA, 1,550 emergency room visits in 2011 were exclusively attributed to ketamine abuse. This total was up from 915 the year before. While ketamine is not a major cause of death in the United States, those who abuse the drug, and who become addicted to its effects, are experiencing great physical, emotional, psychological, and mental consequences. The damage is often permanent, and can be fatal.
In 2011, 0.8% of all 8th graders in the U.S. had used ketamine. 1.2% of all 10th graders, and 1.7% of all 12th graders, also reported using ketamine in 2011. While the percentages may sound minimal, with a total high school population of somewhere around 20 million in the U.S. alone, and close to 4% who have used ketamine, approximately 800,000 high school aged kids have at least tried this dangerous drug.
Help is available for every ketamine addict. The highly experienced staff at Recovery Now TV uses proven techniques and therapeutic interventions to begin each ketamine addict on his or her personal road to recovery. Our skilled staff is ready to assist in the battle for sobriety.
Treatment is a process that must begin with an addict’s agreement to participate. Once the addict is in our care, the ability to recover from the terrible disease of ketamine addiction is unbounded. Call now to find out more and to enroll today: 800-281-4731.
Routes of Administration: How Ketamine is Used
Ketamine can be ingested in a variety of different ways. Since ketamine is pharmaceutically packaged as a clear liquid, the drug can be swallowed. The substance can also be cooked into a white powder to then be snorted, the route normally associated with cocaine abuse. Ketamine can also be injected, the route most associated with heroin abuse, or sprinkled on a joint, generally rolled with marijuana, to be smoked. While the progression of use usually starts with the smoking of ketamine, a user can quickly progress to techniques that create more intense effects.
The route of administration chosen typically depends on the user’s desired effects. When smoked, ketamine can take up to twenty minutes to generate effects. When ketamine is snorted, however, effects are felt within about about five minutes.
Another way to experience the drug’s effects more intensely is to inject ketamine into the muscle tissue. Injection creates a descension into what is called a "k-hole", or a psychological state that seems to separate the user from his or her own consciousness. The feeling is described as a near-death like state, which has become the most appealing reason for ketamine’s experimentation, use, and abuse. Consequently, those who abuse ketamine regularly opt to snort or inject the drug, which comes with a set of damaging risk factors and long-term consequences.
People enjoy ketamine for the very reasons the drug is harmful. The desired k-hole experience of dissociation from one’s own consciousness that seems to provide a break, or an escape, from reality, and from pain, is actually beginning irreparable damage. The drug creates a desire to attain the point of k-hole dissociation again, while the repeated k-hole euphoria is damaging the individual’s physical and mental health.
The physical ketamine effects are mild compared to the mental ketamine effects.The beginning stages of ketamine’s physical effects are mild: slight euphoria and an increased heart rate. Although seemingly minimal, the euphoria can be deceiving in that a form of true danger may not be recognized. The body may be negatively affected, or in danger in a fatal way, but the euphoria will not allow attention to the problem. This can lead to physical injury, to more ketamine use, and even to fatality. Think about it like when a dentist numbs your mouth and then advises you not to eat because you can easily bite your lip or tongue without realizing it or feeling any of the pain.
Along with the k-hole feeling, ketamine also creates hallucinatory effects. While this experience is relatively short-acting, lasting approximately one hour or less, the user's senses, judgment, and coordination may be affected for up to 24 hours.
Ketamine, plus other drugs in its class and alcohol, all prevent brain cells from picking up glutamate, a chemical messenger that cells use to communicate with each other. As a result, the brain is most affected, and ketamine is most detrimental to the mentality of its users. A person can become psychologically addicted to ketamine without even realizing it, wherein his or her thoughts become consumed with getting more and using more of the drug.
The creation of neuroses, mental disorders, and periodic separation from consciousness are very real possibilities when abusing ketamine. Repeated k-hole experiences can create permanent, inescapable neurosis. Once present, this effect leads to periodic episodes of complete disconnection from consciousness, often without warning or any form of prevention. In other words, repeated k-hole episodes can lead a person to long-lasting and irreversible insanity beyond any psychological assistance.
The combination of harmful physical and mental effects, that appear favorable and fun to the user, are actually devastating. The seductive nature of ketamine leads to further use, further negative physical and mental effects, and to ketamine abuse or addiction.
Ketamine Abuse & Addiction
Abuse is defined as the continuation of any drug use despite adverse consequences. When a person’s substance use sustains through legal, financial, relational, familial, physical, mental, emotional, educational, professional, and social strain or repercussions, this person has progressed to substance abuse. Intervention and treatment are needed to stop the further progression onto addiction. In the case of ketamine, the desire to return to the feeling of a k-hole, without regard for consequences, indicates abuse, and potential addiction.
Addiction is a progressive disease characterized by loss of control over drug use, obsession with use, continued use despite adverse consequences, denial that there is a problem, and a powerful tendency to relapse (or return to drug use even after wanting to stop or actually stopping use.) In the case of ketamine, the inability to stop using and thinking about using, the disregard for the drug’s effects on the brain and the ability to function in everyday life, denying that ketamine use has become a problem, and the inability to truly stop using after periods of abstinence indicate an addiction to ketamine.
When the use of ketamine has progressed to the point of addiction, as with drugs like heroin, cocaine, and alcohol, the possible outcomes become limited to imprisonment, death, or the choice to seek treatment. Formal treatment is needed to break the cycle of addiction, but unfortunately, the ability to choose treatment is impaired by ketamine use. Those who are addicted do not want to stop using the drug that appears to produce positive experiences. Ketamine addiction is powerful and can continue seducing its user back to the drug’s use, so to the user, a need to change is not seen and treatment can be viewed as the enemy.
Getting proper ketamine information is the first step to helping addicts recover. By calling Recovery Now TV at 800-281-4731, you can access valuable ketamine information, and find out how to help a loved ones who is abusing or addicted to ketamine.
As the human body and brain become accustomed to the presence of a certain substance, or class of substances, more of that drug is needed to achieve the same effect. This process is called tolerance. Various types of tissue within the body have become dependent upon the substance, and the natural chemistry of the body and brain have been altered. As a result, when a regular ketamine user stops snorting, smoking, drinking, or injecting the drug, the body and brain react in a process called withdrawal.
Since the effects of ketamine use are both physical and mental, withdrawal from the drug includes both as well. Pain feels more intense than ever before, reality feels even more harsh than normal, and the brain’s attempt to rebalance negatively affected chemicals can create unpredictable outcomes.
Therefore, ketamine withdrawal should happen in a drug treatment center under the direct supervision of a professional, medical and mental health staff. Ketamine withdrawal is a serious endeavor and should not be taken lightly. Without proper medically-supervised care, ketamine withdrawal can cause the loss of mental stability that begins a neurotic pattern of behavior.
One common reaction in withdrawing ketamine addicts is displacement, in which a person takes out pain, irritation, discomfort, or anger out on people and objects. In cases of displacement, a person can become a great danger to him or herself, and to others. Again, a properly trained staff will be prepared to assist a ketamine addict in this part of the withdrawal process.
By utilizing the services of Recovery Now TV, you will connect with a team of nutritionists who assist in regaining physical health during the withdrawal process, plus personal attention for every mental need while detoxing from ketamine. Recovery Now TV have been assisting people in successful withdrawal for many years. Call now to schedule your successful withdrawal from ketamine today: 800-281-4731.
The process of ridding the human body (and brain) of all harmful chemicals is called detoxification, commonly referred to as detox. Since drug addiction is so powerful, a former user often returns to drug use during detox when withdrawal is painfully difficult. A professional staff is ready to guide each client through the detox process, without leaving the program.
Once admitted to one of our recovery centers, all aspects of ketamine withdrawal and detox are addressed. We attack the disease of addiction from all angles with the use of one-on-one counseling, group therapy, holistic approaches, and any therapeutic intervention needed for each individual client. The environment is safe, both physically and emotionally, to facilitate the most comfortable detoxification possible.
The emotional and mental aspects of ketamine detox are much more difficult than the physical. Since ketamine has had such a strong hold on its user’s mental state, and has been used to alter emotional states, no longer having the drug present in the body does not feel good, to say the least. The good news is that a detoxing ketamine addict is not at great physical risk, as is the case during alcohol withdrawal, which can be fatal. Another positive is that the ketamine detox process is relatively short, so recovery can begin soon after entry into a detox program.
When a ketamine user has repeatedly used to the point of the k-hole experience, consciousness perforation has occurred and may have created permanent damage. During detox, the tear in consciousness can be mended. Under correct supervision, a former ketamine addict slowly heals, both mentally and emotionally. Recovery Now TV has a team of psychiatrists ready to assist in that very healing process. Once detox is complete, a seamless transition to formal treatment is made, and true recovery can begin.
Call Recovery Now TV now to find out where you can detox: 800-281-4731.
Treatment for Ketamine Abuse & Addiction
Formal treatment is a must for anyone who is addicted to ketamine. The process was created, and fine-tuned through evidence-based practices, to break the cycle of ketamine addiction.
Recovery is a process. An addict became mentally, emotionally, psychologically, and physically dependent upon ketamine, so the mind believes that the drug is necessary for proper functioning. Ketamine’s control over the mind is difficult to reverse. The process must begin with formal detox, to make it through withdrawal successfully, and then formal treatment can properly address the underlying reasons for using mind-altering substances.
Group therapy with addicted peers shows great advantage for recovering ketamine addicts. Emotional safety is created, with sharing, listening, understanding, and empathizing. With one-on-one counseling as well, recovering addicts assess and process individual issues and personal roots of addiction more honestly in a private environment. The addition of family counseling can begin to mend the relationships that were most strained during active addiction.
Healing the physical body is also important for former ketamine addicts. Nutrition, exercise, and outdoor activities become vitally important, and with the help of a professional staff, each client of Recovery Now TV works a team to create the best food and activity plan possible. Going for walks, playing games, building back the physical body, regaining a sense of motivation and positive feelings also benefits the mental and emotional health of a recovering ketamine addict.
An increase in overall health perpetuates hope that progress made can continue, and life really is getting better every day without ketamine. Increased confidence leads to a client’s ability to stay clean and sober.
With years of experience helping addicts stop using, our staff is ready to assist you through the entire process, from detox to days, weeks, months, and years substance free!
Call Recovery Now TV today to begin the ketamine treatment you or someone you love so desperately needs: 800-281-4731.