10. Buprenorphine Number 10 on the list is Buprenorphine also known as Suboxone among other names. This semi-synthetic used to treat addiction to opiates.
9. Tobacco Tobacco is number 9 on the list and in 2000 the number of smokers reached 1.22 billion. In 2004 the WHO reported that tobacco related deaths were at 5.8 million worldwide. Harms related to tobacco include increased risk for strokes, heart attacks, pulmonary disease, cancer, and emphysema. Illness related to tobacco use is the number one most preventable risk for health problems.
8. Methamphetamine Number 8 on the list is methamphetamine also called crystal, crank and ice. Meth is a very potent central nervous stimulant and meth addiction is one of the most difficult to recover from. Some individuals report not being able to gain pleasure from life for up to 2-3 years after stopping using.
7. Benzodiazepines The 7th most dangerous drug on the list is a group of prescription drugs that are minor tranquilizers - some of these drugs include diazepam, lorazepam, clonazepam among many more. Benzos slow down the central nervous system and are typically used for anxiety but are addictive and dangerous when used over long periods of time.
6. Ketamine Ketamine, the number 6 drug on the list, also known as special K, is a sedative commonly used for animals and humans for general anesthesia however it is also a powerful hallucinogen that has become a popular party drug. Side effects include dizziness, blurred vision, euphoria, nausea, vivid dreams and possible memory problems.
5. Alcohol Alcohol is an extremely popular drug ranking #5 on the list of dangerous drugs. Alcohol is used around the world as a social lubricant however alcohol can impair judgement and alcohol related deaths account for more than 2.5 million deaths each year.
4. Street Methadone Methadone is a synthetic opioid used in the treatment of opiate addiction. Methadone is traditionally used to treat pain and help heroin users detox from heroin however it causes many deaths each year often in conjunction with other drugs.
3. Barbiturates The number three most dangerous drug on the list is barbiturates. These are central nervous system depressants that can be used for mild sedation as well as anesthesia. These drugs are highly addictive and have side effects including fatigue, fever, irritability, sedation, confusion and impaired judgement.
2. Cocaine Cocaine is the number two drugs on the most dangerous drugs list and can also be turned into crack cocaine by cooking it. Cocaine is a central nervous stimulant and is responsible for more emergency room visits than any other illegal street drug for U.S. hospitalizations. Cocaine has adverse effects on all of the organs in the body.
1. Heroin Heroin is considered the most dangerous drug in the world. It is processed from morphine and is extremely addictive. Heroin use has extreme health risks associated with it including fatal overdose, collapsed veins, liver disease, heart infection and increased risk for infections passed through the blood stream.
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Cindy Nichols is the founder of 411 Intervention, a full-service intervention resource that helps individuals with addiction issues find treatment solutions. You can see an interview with Cindy here on Recovery Now TV.