An increase in deaths related to alcohol among younger women in Scotland and England has been “worrying” as of late. The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health has published research conveying that even in the midst of overall falling deaths in both Scotland and England since the year 2000 the trend of alcohol related deaths is one that must be addressed. Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester are areas researchers mainly focused on, all having identical levels of industrialization, poor health and deprivation. They aimed to discover any factors that may help to explain the increase in early death rates in Glasgow.
Alcohol, suicide, violence and drugs have overshadowed heart disease, stroke and cardiovascular disease which were once used to explain the abnormal death rates among people under the age of 65 years old in Glasgow. Although Glasgow is Scotland’s largest city, the trends for all three cities have been analyzed starting from the 1980’s to 2011. Researchers have focused on looking particularly at the influences of gender, birth cohort and age decades at a time from 1910 to 1979 to identify the origins of these trends. Early in the 1980’s the rates of alcohol related deaths were four times higher than they were in Manchester and Liverpool, those rates rose even higher over the next three decades in Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester.
Starting in 1993 there was a sharp spike in alcohol related deaths in Glasgow but the rates were linear in the other two cities. The rates in these cities stabilized in the early 2000s then went on to fall later in the decade, with the greatest fall being seen in Glasgow. Alcohol related deaths in all three cities with the highest proportion were among men and women whose age ranged between 40 and 50. These deaths were about three times as high among men as among women in Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester. However, the pace at which the increase took place was the same for both sexes, implying that there was no evidence that alcohol related deaths among women trailed behind those of men compared to smoking.
Research shows that alcohol is a normal factor in over 60 medical conditions in the UK, which includes throat, mouth, stomach, breast and liver cancers. In the year of 2011 and 2012 there were 1.2 million alcohol related hospital admissions alone, an increase of 135% since 2002.
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Cindy Nichols is the founder of 411 Intervention, a full-service intervention resource that helps individuals with addiction issues find treatment solutions. You can see an interview with Cindy here on Recovery Now TV.